Parental Attitudes and Socio-demographic Factors as Predictors of Smartphone Addiction in University Students




The aim of the study is to investigate prediction effect of parental attitudes and socio-demographic variables (age, gender, time spent on smartphone, number of siblings, students’ feeling social and parental education level) in university students’ addiction to smartphones. 670 university students whose age range was 18-30 participated in the study (M=21.6, SD=6.3). In the study, smartphone addiction scale (SAS) and parental attitude scale (PAS) and Socio-Demographic Information Form were used. In the analysis of the data obtained within the context of the study, independent t-test, ANOVA and multi-regression analyses were used. At the end of the analyses, it was revealed that age, gender, parental education state, time spent on smartphone, number of siblings and state of feeling social and parental attitudes predicted smartphone addiction significantly (11%). The students’ perception of feeling social and parental attitudes functioned as a moderator on their smartphone addiction. It was revealed that the perception to be social softened the relation between authoritarian parental attitudes and smartphone addiction. Another result is that the students experienced less smartphone addiction when their perception of feeling social and democratic parental attitudes were taken together. A negative and significant relation was found between democratic and authoritarian parental attitudes and smartphones. On the other hand, a positive and significant relation was established between protective parental attitude and smartphone addiction. The results of the study were discussed within the framework of the literature; and suggestions were presented for researchers.  tap here to enter text.