Competence of Neurotypical Siblings of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Keywords:Activities; autism spectrum disorder; competence; school performance; neurotypical sibling; social relations
In this study, the school, social and activities competencies of neurotypical siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD-NTDsibs) were examined. A total of 146 children, including 66 ASD-NTDsibs and 80 children both themselves and their siblings are neurotypical (NTC-NTDsibs), participated in the study, which was designed in the correlational survey model. The data were obtained through mothers using part 1 of CBCL / 6-18, which measures competence. In the analysis of the data, competence levels of ASD-NTDsibs were evaluated as normal / borderline / clinical according to the norms of the scale using the raw scores obtained from the scale and the T scores obtained by using the profiles, the competence levels were examined according to demographic variables and compared with the competence levels of NTC-NTDsibs. According to the results of the research, there are significant differences in favor of the comparison group in terms of school, social and activities sub-fields and total competence levels between the study and comparison groups. ASD-NTDsibs were found to demonstrate normal level of competence in the school and social sub-fields, clinical level of competence in the activities sub-field and total competence. There was no significant difference between competence levels of ASD-NTDsibs and demographic variables, except that the sisters showed a high level of school performance. Research findings were discussed within the framework of parents' ability to provide limited resources to their neurotypical children, broader autism phenotype (BAP) characteristics and demographic variables. As a result of the research, it can be said that ASD-NTDsibs have low competence and should be supported in school, social and activities fields.